Predicates reflect the various parts of the KWPN breeding goal: performance, conformation, soundness and durability. Some predicates are earned by the horse itself, others are earned through offspring.
All horses: ster, PROK, IBOP, crown
Mares only: keur, elite, preferent, prestatie
Stallions only: ster, 2de bezichtiging, 3rd bezichtiging, aangewezen (or Licensed), keur, preferent
Stallions and mares: sport
Predicates earned at a keuring (breeding direction specific)
Ster or Star(★)
A horse with a ster predicate has above average conformation and movement and/or jumping. The ster predicate is awarded at studbook inspection to stallions, mares and geldings that have earned minimum of 70 points for conformation and minimum 75 points for movement or jumping. Minimum required height is 160cm.
If a horse earns 70 points for conformation, but less than 75 points for movement or jumping, it can earn the ster predicate by passing the IBOP test in the same breeding direction.
A predicate for ster mares that are keur eligible, having conformation higher than for ster, and that have completed IBOP performance test or equivalent sport requirements.
A predicate awarded to keur mares that have also completed the PROK requirements.
A predicate for KWPN Foalbook or Studbook, Register A, Auxiliary Foalbook or Auxiliary Studbook horses that successfully complete the IBOP riding or driving test. Combined with keur eligibility, this predicate would count toward keur.
Predicates not earned at a keuring
PROK stands for Project Röntgenologisch Onderzoek KWPN (Project Radiographical Research KWPN). The breeding purpose of the KWPN states, among other things, that it wants to breed healthy horses. The PROK predicate is awarded to horses that meet the KWPN’s radiograph requirements (same rigorous examination as KWPN approved stallions) . This means the horse has good bone quality, which—if bred—it can pass on to any potential offspring. The radiographs are evaluated by an independent KWPN committee, and with a positive evaluation the PROK certificate is awarded.
Preferent (pref or PA)
A predicate awarded to KWPN registered mares that have produced three offspring that have earned the ster predicate. The predicate may also be awarded posthumously. Each of the offspring must be:
Mare – ster, keur or elite
Gelding – ster quality
Stallion – ster, 2nd or 3rd round, aangewezen (selected for performance test), or approved by the KWPN or Erkend studbook.
A predicate awarded to KWPN registered mares that have three offspring earning a combined minimum of five points as described below. The predicate may also be awarded posthumously.
count toward the prestatie predicate according to the point system. In the case of multiple performances in the same discipline, only the higher one will count. See chart for point system.
Points earned through Performance Points
Completed stallion performance test¹ 1
Completed stallion performance test and is approved¹ 2
IBOP earning the minimum points for prestatie² 1
Dressage competition at Z1+1 one point at L3T1 or higher)³ 1
Dressage competition at Z2+1 (one point at L3T2 or higher)³ 2
Dressage competition at Grand Prix 3
Jumping competition M+5 (5 points at Level 5 or higher)³ 1
Jumping competition Z+1 (1 point at Level 6 or higher)³ 2
Jumping competition at Grand Prix 3
Combined training M+5 (5 points at Training or higher) ³ 1
Combined training Z+1 (1 point at Preliminary or higher) ³ 2
Combined Driving at International level, participating in all components³ 1
¹ Performance test – A son that has completed the 1996 or later KWPN Performance Test in Holland or in North America.
² IBOP riding test
Each offspring that meets one of the following criteria can earn 1 point.
Through 1994 90 points, gaits average of 9
90 points, jumping 9, min. gaits average of 6
1995–2005 45 points for jumping
45 points for dressage, basic gaits minimum of 7 85 points overall, basic gaits minimum of 6
2006 and later 80 points
² IBOP driving test
Through 1994 Minimum 90 points
1995 and later More than 80 points but less than 85 85 points or more (all scores minimum of 8)
³ Sport (Dressage tests 2003 and later only!)
Z1 dressage = L3T1; Z2 dressage = L3T2
M jumping (1.20m) = (3’11”) Jumper: Level 5 or Hunter: Second year Green
Z jumping ((1.30m) = (4’3”) Jumper Level 6 or Hunter: Regular Working Hunter
M eventing (CC 1.20m) = Training level (3’11”); Z eventing (CC 1.30m) = Preliminary level (4’3”)
A predicate awarded to KWPN Registered mares on the basis of their own performance at recognized shows. (Note: Dressage tests 2003 and later only!) Owners can request this predicate by mailing in the horse’s registration paper along with official proof of sport results required for the predicate. After confirmation of results, new papers and a certificate will be mailed to the owner.
1 point at minimum Z2 dressage* (L3T2)
5 points at minimum Z level jumping (Level 6 jumping; jumps to 1.30m or 4’3″)
5 points at Regular Working Hunter (jumps 4′ to 4’6″)
Points at Z level eventing (Preliminary) with no more than 20 penalty points in cross country
A KWPN-NA performance predicate awarded to stallions, mares and geldings competing at FEI levels. Horses must be within the 300 top-ranked dressage or jumping horses in the WBFSH/FEI rankings.